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China and Africa

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eLibrary: China and Africa

Version 1.0. September 2020


Richard T. Griffiths (Leiden University) 

This is the latest version of an electronic library of resources on the China’s engagement in Africa. It is composed of free, open on-line resources and, to keep the library manageable, it omits individual country studies. The library is intended to offer support to teachers and students studying the BRI as part of their undergraduate education and to act as a springboard to individual projects. The core of the New Silk Roads project has been focussed on Eurasia (and the original list published by by the National Development and Reform Commission). However, China’s presence in Africa predates the Belt and Road initiative and continues strongly to the present. Any suggestions will be welcome.

The IIAS ‘New Silk Road’ project has over 800 researchers wanting to engage in collaborative teaching and research. The project help facilitate making new connections. To join, please write at the email address above.


12/20 PRC State Council, China-Africa Economic And Trade Cooperation, December 2010

Ajakaiye, O. (2006) China and Africa – Opportunities and Challenges, A Presentation at the African Union Task Force on Strategic Partnership Between Africa and the Emerging Countries of the South Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 11–13 September 2006

Arewa, O.B. (2015) ‘Constructing Africa: Chinese Investment, Infrastructure Deficits, and Development’, Cornell International Law Journal, 49, 1.

Berhe, M.G. and Liu Hongwu (eds) (2013) China-Africa Relations Governance, Peace and Security, Addis Ababa

Bodomo, A. (2019). ‘Africa-China-Europe relations: Conditions and conditionalities’. Journal of International Studies, 12(4), 115-129.

Bräutigam, D. (2011) China in Africa: What Can Western Donors Learn? Norfund 

Bräutigam, D. e.a. (2013) Chinese Investment in Africa: How Much do we Know?, PEDL Synthesis Series, 2.

Breuer, J. (2017) ‘Two Belts, One Road? The role of Africa in China’s Belt & Road initiative’, China-Blickwechsel, July 2017

Broadman, H.G. (2013) ‘Separating fact from fiction in the China Africa relationship’, PWC Gridlines

Brown, K. and Chun, Z. (2009) China in Africa – Preparing for the Next Forum for China Africa Cooperation, Chatham House, Asia Programme Briefing Note: ASP 2009/02

Busse, M., Erdogan, C. and Mühlen, H. (2014) China’s Impact On Africa – The Role Of Trade, Fdi And Aid, IEE Bochum, Working paper 206.

Corkin, L., Burke, C. and Davies, M. (2008) China’s Role in the Development of Africa’s Infrastructure, SAIS Working Paper 04-08

Dadvar, B. (2016) China’s role in African infrastructure development – Cooperation or Exploitation? MA Thesis, Lund

Dreher, A. and Fuchs, A. (2011) Rogue Aid? The Determinants of China’s Aid Allocation. CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3581, PLUS On-line Appendix

Dreher, A. e.a. (2017) Aid, China, and Growth: Evidence from a New Global Development Finance Dataset, AidData, Working Paper, 46. 

Dollar, D. (2019) Understanding China’s Belt And Road Infrastructure Projects In Africa, Brookings, Global China

Drummond, P. and Liu, E.X. (2013) Africa’s Rising Exposure to China: How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade?, IMF Working Papers, 13/250

Economist Intelligence Unit (2017) The evolving role of China in Africa and Latin America,

Eisenman, J. (2012) ‘China –Africa Trade Patterns: causes and consequences’, Journal of Contemporary China, 21, 77, 793–810

Foster, V. e.a. (2009) Building Bridges China’s Growing Role as Infrastructure Financier for Sub-Saharan Africa, World Bank. Trends and Policy Options, 5.

Fuchs, A. and Rudyak, M. (2017) ‘The Motives of China’s Foreign Aid’, Draft Chapter for Ka Zeng Handbook of the International Political Economy of China 

Gadzala, A. and Hanusch, M. (2010) African Perspectives on Chinaafrica: Gauging Popular Perceptions And Their Economic And Political Determinants, Afrobarometer, Working Paper, 117.

NEW ICA (2018) Infrastructure Financing Trends in Africa – 2018 and 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013

Kelley, J. (2012)  ‘China in Africa: Curing the Resource Curse with Infrastructure and Modernization’, Sustainable Development, Law and Policy, 12, 3  

Kunaka, T. (2018) One Belt One Road Initiative: An African Perspective

Leslie, A.N. (2016) ‘Introduction China-Africa Relations: Political and Economic Engagement and Media Strategies’, African Studies Quarterly, 16, 3-4 

Li, S. and Rønning, H. (2013) China in Africa: Soft power, media perceptions and a pandeveloping identity, CMI, r2-2013

van de Looy, J. (2006) Africa and China: A Strategic Partnership?, ASC Working Paper 67.2006

Marafa, L.M (2009) Africa’s Business and Development Relationship with China Seeking Moral and Capital Values of the Last Economic Frontier, Nordiska Afrikainstitute , Discussion Document 44, Uppsala

Marais, H and Lunuschagne, J-P. (2019) ‘If you want to prosper, consider building roadsChina’s role in African infrastructure and capital projects’, Deloitte Insights, 22.3.2019

Nantulya, P (2019) ‘Implications for Africa from China’s One Belt One Road Strategy,’ Spotlight, Africa Centre for Strategic Studies, 22.3.2019

Nantulya, P. (2019) ‘Chinese Hard Power Supports Its Growing Strategic Interests in Africa,” Spotlight, Africa Center for Strategic Studies, 17.1, 2019.

OSAA (2015) Infrastructure Development Within The Context Of Africa’s Cooperation With New And Emerging Development Partners

OECD/ACET (2020) Quality Infrastructure in 21st Century Africa: Prioritising, Accelerating and Scaling up in the Context of Pida (2021-30)

Phiri, M. and Mungomba, N, (2019) Leveraging the BRI for Africa’s Industrialisation and Intra-Trade, ZIPAR Working paper, 38.

Pigato, M and Tang, W. (2015) China and Africa: Expanding Economic Ties in an Evolving Global Context, World Bank, 

Schiere, R. Ndikumana, L. and Walkenhorst, P. (eds) (2011) China and Africa: An Emerging Partnership for Development?, African Development Bank Group

Scobel, A. e.a. (2018) At the Dawn of Belt and Road. China in the Developing World, Rand. Especially Chapter Eight

Sun, Y. (2014) Africa in China’s Foreign Policy, Brookings

Sy, A. and Copley, A. (2017) Closing The Financing Gap For African Energy Infrastructure: Trends, Challenges, And Opportunities, Brookings

Tiboris, M. (2019) Addressing China’s Rising Influence in Africa, Chicago Council on Global Affairs, 

Wagenvoord J.  (2016) China: The Rogue Donor. An analysis of aid allocation policies of an emerging donor, MA Thesis, Leiden

ZiroMwatela, R. and  Zhao, C. (2016) ‘Africa in China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ Initiative: A Critical Analysis’, IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science, 21, 12, 10-21